Hepatitis B is a type of liver infection primarily caused by the HBV virus. It is most often spread when bodily fluids such as semen or blood from an infected person enter the body of an uninfected person. Hepatitis B can be treated with vaccines, and in chronic cases high-level medications are needed and often doctors may suggest liver transplantation.
Symptoms of hepatitis B.
No symptoms of acute or short-lived hepatitis B; Instead, it shows none. For example, children under the age of five have no symptoms if they are affected. Here are some of the symptoms of hepatitis B:
Jaundice (the whites of your eyes and skin turn yellow, and your urine also turns orange or brown)
Light colored stools
Fatigue that lasts several weeks and months
Stomach problems such as nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite
The presentation of symptoms is very inconsistent; It may take a month or six months for symptoms to appear if you are infected. Studies have found that most people don’t feel anything when they are infected with hepatitis B. It can only be detected with a blood test. Even the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B are not apparent in most cases.
Causes of hepatitis B.
Hepatitis B is spread mainly from person to person when body fluids are exchanged between them. These methods are as follows:
Sex: If you have unprotected sex with an infected person, you will get infected through body fluids, semen and saliva.
Sharing needles: The virus can be spread through needles contaminated with infected blood.
Pregnant woman to child: A pregnant woman with hepatitis B can easily pass it to the baby during childbirth. Therefore, children are given hepatitis B vaccines to prevent it.
Hepatitis B treatment and drugs
If you have hepatitis B infection, you should see a doctor immediately; You can get relief through their treatment. The doctor will give you a vaccine and an injection of hepatitis B immune globulin. This helps improve your immune system so that it can fight infections. Since hepatitis B affects the liver, you need to eliminate everything that affects it, such as acetaminophen and alcohol. You should always consult your doctor before taking any supplements, herbal remedies, or medication. After you recover from hepatitis B you will become an inactive carrier, which means that any antibody test will show that you have had hepatitis B in the past. Entecavir (Baraclude): This is a medicine for hepatitis B. It is available as a tablet or liquid.
Tenofovir (Viread): This medication is in tablet or powder form.
Lamivudine (Heptovir, Epivir HBV, Epivir A / F, etc.): This comes as a tablet or liquid which you should take once a day.
Adefovir dipivoxil (Hepsera): This is given to patients who do not respond to mefodin.
Interferon Alfa (Sylatron, Roferon A, Intron A): These are injections intended to strengthen the immune system. It does not eliminate the disease. It treats the problems caused by diseases such as hepatitis.
Telbivudine (Tyzeka): This is an antiviral medicine.